You might not think a lot about how your air conditioner works, but it depends on refrigerant to keep your home fresh. This refrigerant is bound by environmental rules, since it contains chemicals.
Subject to when your air conditioner was put in, it may use R-22, R-410A or R-32 refrigerant. We’ll review the differences and which air conditioner refrigerants are being phased out in Alice, plus how these phaseouts affect you.
What’s R-22 and Why is It No Longer Being Made?
If your air conditioner was installed before 2010, it probably uses Freon®. You can learn if your air conditioner has it by calling us at 361-265-4371. You can also check the name plate on your air conditioner condenser, which is situated outside your home. This sticker will have info on what model of refrigerant your AC needs.
Freon, which is also referred to as R-22, has chlorine. Scientists consider Freon to be harmful to the earth’s ozone layer and one that prompts global warming. The Environmental Protection Agency, which manages refrigerants in the United States, outlawed its creation and import in January 2020.
Should I Replace My R-22 Air Conditioner?
It depends. If your air conditioning is running as designed, you can continue to keep it. With yearly air conditioner maintenance, you can expect your air conditioning to work around 15–20 years. However, the Department of Energy reports that removing a 10-year-old air conditioner could save you 20–40% on yearly cooling expenses!
If you keep your air conditioner, it can cause difficulties if you require air conditioning repair in the future, specifically for refrigerant. Repairs might be pricier, as only small quantities of recycled and reclaimed R-22 is available.
With the end of R-22, most new air conditioners now use Puron®. Also known as R-410A, this refrigerant was made to keep the ozone layer in good shape. As it needs an incompatible pressure level, it doesn’t match air conditioners that use R-22 for cooling.
However, Puron still has the possibility to lead to global warming. As a result, it may also sometime be ended. Although it hasn’t been disclosed yet for residential air conditioners, it’s likely sometime this decade.
What Refrigerant Will Take the Place of R-410A?
In preparation of the phaseout, some companies have started using R-32 in new air conditioners. This refrigerant is classified low for global warming potential—around one-third less than R-410A. And it also decreases energy use by about 10%, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Fourth Assessment Report. That’s savings that could be forwarded on to you through your electrical costs.
Rescue Heating & Air Can Assist with All Your Air Conditioning Needs
In brief, the changes to air conditioner refrigerant probably won’t concern you greatly until you need repairs. But as we reviewed earlier, refrigerant repairs may be more expensive since there are the low amounts that are accessible.
Aside from that, your air conditioner typically breaks down at the worst time, often on the hottest day when we’re receiving a lot of other requests for AC repair.
If your air conditioner relies on a discontinued refrigerant or is more than 15 years old, we suggest upgrading to an up-to-date, energy-efficient air conditioner. This delivers a stress-free summer and could even reduce your cooling expenses, especially if you select an ENERGY STAR®-rated model. Plus, Rescue Heating & Air offers many financing solutions to make your new air conditioner work with your budget. Contact us at 361-265-4371 to begin today with a free estimate.